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is a Caribbean destination without comparison, pristine and exotic hiding
many secrets unpredictable. Boasting magnificent white sand beaches with
clean sparkling turquoise waters. Cuba is home to exceptionally friendly
people, exotic flora, tropical climate and a vibrant nightlife. If you
like the Latin beat, then this is the place to visit where hot Salsa music
can be heard everywhere.All this and warm welcome from the Cuban people
make this biggest Caribbean island very attractive for million of tourists
The Cuban culture is unique in Latin America, formed by
the island's fascinating history and this has made Cuba
a very attractive. Despite its new popularity, however,
the island remains an inexpensive Caribbean destination.
It remains uncommercialized and a very safe vacation spot.The
Republic of Cuba is an archipelago formed by the Island
of Cuba, with an extension of 106 007 km2, the Island of
Youth with 2 200 km2 and around 4 200 keys and islets.
total surface is of 110 922 km2, locating itself at the entrance
of the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba limits to the
North with Florida (United States of America) to 180 km; to the
South, with Jamaica, to 140 km; to the East with Haiti, to 77 km
and, to the West, with the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico), to 210 km
of distance. Cuba is essentially a 70% flat and has three big mountain
Sierra of Organs in the Western region, Sierra of Escambray in the
Center region and Sierra Maestra in the Eastern region, which includes
Turquino Peak, the country's highest point with 1 974 meters (5
933 feet) over the sea level.
The climate of Cuba is considered
subtropical moderate, prevailing the tropical maritime conditions.
The annual medium temperature is of 25,2 C degrees (77F) in summer
and 22C (71,6F) in winter, since two well defined seasons are observed:
the dry, from November to April and the rains, from May to October.
The raining average is of 1
059 mm in the rainy period and of 316 mm in the dry one, for a rain annual
average of 1 375 mm.
Cuban coasts reach 5 746
km of extension, being the biggest the north coast with 3 209 km. There
are excellent beaches, bays, ports and cities along the coasts.
According to estimated figures, Cuba's population is
of 11 000 000 inhabitants, with an annual growing rate of 0,6 per each
100. A gradually aging of the population has been noticed since the 90´s,
being the older than 65 years of age the 12% of the total.
Spanish is the official language of the Republic, using
English very much in commercial and cultural matters, and in international
Cuba is politically and administratively divided
in 14 provinces, 168 municipalities and a special municipality. From West to
East the provinces are Pinar del Rio; Havana; Havana City; Matanzas; Villa Clara;
Cienfuegos; Sancti Espíritus; Camagüey; Ciego de Avila; Las Tunas;
Holguín; Granma; Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo. The special
municipality Island of Youth is located South of Havana province.
Havana City is the capital of the country.
The cities: Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas,
Pinar del Rio, Ciego de Avila, Villa Clara, Bayamo and Guantánamo are
also important because of its economic development and population.
Education is free at all education levels,
as well as the study materials. There are no illiterates in the country, having
300 000 teachers, 47 centers of superior education, 21 200 professors and 276
000 students. There are over 3 millions of students registered in the whole
national system of education.
There are universities or university faculties
in all the provinces, second education, specialized, polytechnic institutes,
Cuba's health system is considered unique
in Latin America, covering the whole country. Medical services are free for
Cuba has the lowest children mortality rate
in Latin America and one of the lowest of the world: 7,9 per each born alive.
Cuban life expectancy is of 75,2 years of
In Cuba, there are 42 634 physicians (1 x
each 274 inhabitants); 7 515 dentists (1 x each 524 inhabitants); 120 000 nurses,
technicians and auxiliaries; 15 142 doctors of the family assist the 67,6 %
of the population. In addition to the 421 polyclinics and the 267 hospitals
that offer their services.
In this section (Cuba info) you will also
find information about restaurants, about buying cigars, rum and souvenirs.
information on weather sex in cuba and some recommendations if you plan to bring
gifts for cubans.