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Cuba Info/ General information

Cuba is a Caribbean destination without comparison, pristine and exotic hiding many secrets unpredictable. Boasting magnificent white sand beaches with clean sparkling turquoise waters. Cuba is home to exceptionally friendly people, exotic flora, tropical climate and a vibrant nightlife. If you like the Latin beat, then this is the place to visit where hot Salsa music can be heard everywhere.All this and warm welcome from the Cuban people make this biggest Caribbean island very attractive for million of tourists every year.

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The Cuban culture is unique in Latin America, formed by the island's fascinating history and this has made Cuba a very attractive. Despite its new popularity, however, the island remains an inexpensive Caribbean destination. It remains uncommercialized and a very safe vacation spot.The Republic of Cuba is an archipelago formed by the Island of Cuba, with an extension of 106 007 km2, the Island of Youth with 2 200 km2 and around 4 200 keys and islets.



Its total surface is of 110 922 km2, locating itself at the entrance of the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean Sea. Cuba limits to the North with Florida (United States of America) to 180 km; to the South, with Jamaica, to 140 km; to the East with Haiti, to 77 km and, to the West, with the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico), to 210 km of distance. Cuba is essentially a 70% flat and has three big mountain ranges:
Sierra of Organs in the Western region, Sierra of Escambray in the Center region and Sierra Maestra in the Eastern region, which includes Turquino Peak, the country's highest point with 1 974 meters (5 933 feet) over the sea level.

The climate of Cuba is considered subtropical moderate, prevailing the tropical maritime conditions. The annual medium temperature is of 25,2 C degrees (77F) in summer and 22C (71,6F) in winter, since two well defined seasons are observed: the dry, from November to April and the rains, from May to October.

  cuba accommodation beach  
The raining average is of 1 059 mm in the rainy period and of 316 mm in the dry one, for a rain annual average of 1 375 mm.
cuba morro  

Cuban coasts reach 5 746 km of extension, being the biggest the north coast with 3 209 km. There are excellent beaches, bays, ports and cities along the coasts.

According to estimated figures, Cuba's population is of 11 000 000 inhabitants, with an annual growing rate of 0,6 per each 100. A gradually aging of the population has been noticed since the 90´s, being the older than 65 years of age the 12% of the total.

Spanish is the official language of the Republic, using English very much in commercial and cultural matters, and in international contacts.


Cuba is politically and administratively divided in 14 provinces, 168 municipalities and a special municipality. From West to East the provinces are Pinar del Rio; Havana; Havana City; Matanzas; Villa Clara; Cienfuegos; Sancti Espíritus; Camagüey; Ciego de Avila; Las Tunas; Holguín; Granma; Santiago de Cuba and Guantánamo. The special municipality Island of Youth is located South of Havana province.

Havana City is the capital of the country. The cities: Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camagüey, Cienfuegos, Matanzas, Pinar del Rio, Ciego de Avila, Villa Clara, Bayamo and Guantánamo are also important because of its economic development and population.

Education is free at all education levels, as well as the study materials. There are no illiterates in the country, having 300 000 teachers, 47 centers of superior education, 21 200 professors and 276 000 students. There are over 3 millions of students registered in the whole national system of education.

There are universities or university faculties in all the provinces, second education, specialized, polytechnic institutes, and others.

Cuba's health system is considered unique in Latin America, covering the whole country. Medical services are free for all Cubans.

Cuba has the lowest children mortality rate in Latin America and one of the lowest of the world: 7,9 per each born alive.

Cuban life expectancy is of 75,2 years of age.

In Cuba, there are 42 634 physicians (1 x each 274 inhabitants); 7 515 dentists (1 x each 524 inhabitants); 120 000 nurses, technicians and auxiliaries; 15 142 doctors of the family assist the 67,6 % of the population. In addition to the 421 polyclinics and the 267 hospitals that offer their services.

In this section (Cuba info) you will also find information about restaurants, about buying cigars, rum and souvenirs. information on weather sex in cuba and some recommendations if you plan to bring gifts for cubans.