El Valle de Viñales (Valley of Viñales), Cultural
Landscape of Mankind; and the fact that the lands of Vueltabajo
produce the best tobacco of the world.
Pan de Guajaibón (699 meters above sea level) is the highest
mountain of all the western region of the largest of the Antilles.
This mountainous region and Sierra de los Órganos constitute
the extensive Cordillera de Guaniguanico, which concentrates the
most notable landscape and biological richness of the region.
Covering an area of 132 km2 of Sierra de los Órganos;
the National Park of the Valley of Viñales stands out for the appearance
in its territory of impressive mountains of vertical sides and round tops
covered by an abundant vegetation; these hills are known as mogotes. On
the other hand, the extensive existence of caves in this region is particularly
interesting, since they constitute a great attraction from the speleological
point of view.
Cueva del Indio (Cave of the Indian), crossed by the
San Juan River (navigable), and the cave of Juan Miguel, both of them
located nearby. As well as the system of caves known as Santo Tomás,
which has more than 45 kilometers of galleries buried under the close
Sierra de Quemados, constitute places with an undoubtable value in a natural
space that seems to have been conceived for walks on ecotouristic pathways.
of the most interesting green routes that calls the attention of
visitors is the Aquatic one, which stretches from Sierra del Infierno
(settlement of a peasant community that pays tribute to water, attributing
curative properties to it) up to the Valley of Dos Hermanas. Here,
visitors will be able to enjoy an enormous painting made on the
wall of a mogote and baptized with name of Mural of Prehistory.
The natural charms of Pinar del Río are
also particularly notable in the Sierra del Rosario Reserve of the Biosphere,
where you will see the orchid plantation of Soroa, the most important
one in the country with 750 varieties; and the touristic resort of Las
Terrazas, which constitutes with its high landscape value the first experience
of sustainable tourism developed in rural areas of the country.
The Península de Guanahacabibes´ Reserve
of the Biosphere is located on the west end of the province. There are
here two natural reserves on the limits of its scarcely developed touristic
areas: El Veral and Cabo Corrientes, as well as an International Diving
Center, María la Gorda, with nearly 40 diving sites and an abundant
colony of Black Coral on its bottoms. This place is named after the legendary
María, a fat woman who was brought from Venezuela by a gang of
Those who enjoy these activities a short trip leads
tourists to the Levisa and Jutia keys with their amazing variety of peaceful
beaches and abundant sites for diving, fishing, and water sports.
The Roncalli lighthouse in El Cabo de San Antonio, virtually
located at the entrance of the Peninsula de Yucatán; fishing and
hunting sites; and a renown beach resort with mineral-medicinal waters
in San Diego de los Baños; represent more possibilities for enjoyment
in Pinar del Río. In this province all visitors feel the urge to
meet the extensive plantations of the best tobacco in the world and taste
a unique liqueur produced here in an artistic way: Guayabita del Pinar.